Volume 5 Supplement 1

The 4th Recombinant Protein Production Meeting: a comparative view on host physiology

Open Access

Increasing the ease and speed of eukaryotic protein expression: a new cell-free in vitro translation system based on Sf insect cell extracts

  • Frank Schaefer1,
  • Annette Zacharias1,
  • Nicole Brinker-Krieger1 and
  • Uritza von Groll1
Microbial Cell Factories20065(Suppl 1):P33


Published: 10 October 2006


For researchers looking for fast access to their protein of interest, cell-free expression systems are an attractive option, as they do not require specialized equipment, are open systems, and offer fast screening of expression constructs for expression efficiency, yield, solubility and other criteria (e.g. requirement of cofactors).

A broad range of eukaryotic proteins require posttranslational modifications such as phosphorylation, glycosylation, or signal peptide cleavage to display full functional activity.


We will describe the most important features of a new system for recombinant eukaryotic protein expression that retains the speed and economy inherent to cell-free methods. Data showing the ability of the system to generate complex posttranslational modifications (PTMs), including highly efficient glycosylation of EPO and ORM1 proteins (Figure 1) and phosphorylation of AKt1 kinase (Figure 2) will be presented. The robustness of the system is demonstrated by the expression of membrane proteins (e.g., OGCP) and the synthesis of several proteins, such as human clotting factors, that could not be expressed in E. coli systems.
Figure 1

6xHis-tagged EPO (erythropoietin) and ORM1 (Alpha-1-acid glycoprotein 1) were expressed as 14C-Leu-labeled proteins using the EasyXpress Protein Synthesis Insect Kit. After expression an aliquot of each was treated with the endoglycosidase EndoH, which removes glycan moieties form glycosylated proteins. Aliquots of treated and untreated protein separated by SDS_PAGE and proteins visualized by autoradiography.

Figure 2

Akt1 was expressed in triplicate reactions using the EasyXpress Protein Synthesis Insect Kit. 2.5 μl aliquots were separated by SDS-PAGE and protein detected by Immunoblotting using an antibody specific for akt1 phosphorylated at Ser 473. NTC: no template control; M: marker.


Expressed proteins with the EasyXpress Protein Synthesis Insect Kit are post-translationally modified with high efficiency.

Authors’ Affiliations



© Schaefer et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2006

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.