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A novel in vitro translation system based on insect cells

Background

Various genome sequencing projects are identifying many new protein sequences but it is key to attribute functions to these proteins. A huge number of proteins have been expressed in vivo to date, most of them being functionally, antigenically and immunogenically similar to their authentic counterparts. This is mainly due to the properties of cultured eukaryotic cells, which are able to carry out many types of posttranslational modifications such as addition of N- and O-linked oligosaccharides, but also palmitoylation, myristylation and phosphorylation.

Results

Based on the versatile properties of cultured cell lines, e.g. insect cells, we have developed a novel eukaryotic in vitro translation system [1]. Our homogenization procedure maintains the functional integrity of subcellular components, thus allowing the cell-free synthesis of membrane proteins and posttranslationally modified proteins, e.g. glycoproteins. An indispensable prerequisite for the reliable high-throughput expression of different proteins in cell-free systems is the generation of efficient templates. Therefore, we have developed a PCR-based methodology which allows the user to introduce regulatory elements as well as tags for protein purification into the desired gene. Additionally, we have shown that recombinant viral mRNA is a suitable template in this system and we have also demonstrated activity of the Rhopalosiphum padi virus (RhPV) 5'-UTR IRES in our lysates [2].

Conclusion

The standardized large-scale production of lysates from various cell-lines is a powerful tool for the development of novel eukaryotic in vitro translation systems with individual cell type- and tissue-specific properties.

References

  1. 1.

    Kubick S, Schacherl J, Fleischer-Notter H, Royall E, Roberts LO, Stiege W: In vitro translation in an insect-based cell-free system. Cell-free protein expression. Edited by: Swartz JR. 2003, 209-217. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer,

  2. 2.

    Royall E, Woolaway KE, Schacherl J, Kubick S: The Rhopalosiphum padi virus 5'-IRES is functional in Spodoptera frugiperda 21 cells and in their cell-free lysates: implications for the baculovirus expression system. J Gen Virol. 2004, 85: 1565-1569. 10.1099/vir.0.79992-0.

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Acknowledgements

This work was kindly supported by the German Ministry of Education and Science (BMBF) and the Senate of Berlin.

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Correspondence to Jan Strey.

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Kubick, S., Merk, H., Gerrits, M. et al. A novel in vitro translation system based on insect cells. Microb Cell Fact 5, P93 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2859-5-S1-P93

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Keywords

  • Insect Cell
  • Genome Sequencing Project
  • Translation System
  • Culture Cell Line
  • Viral mRNA