Production of membrane proteins in yeast
© Darby et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2006
Published: 10 October 2006
Yeast is an important and versatile organism for studying membrane proteins. It is easy to cultivate and can perform higher eukaryote-like post-translational modifications.
S. cerevisiae has a fully-sequenced genome and there are several collections of deletion strains available, whilst P. pastoris can produce very high cell densities (230 g/l).
We have used both S. cerevisiae and P. pastoris to over-produce the following His6 and His10 carboxyl terminal fused membrane proteins. CD81 – 26 kDa tetraspanin protein (TAPA-1) that may play an important role in the regulation of lymphoma cell growth and may also act as the viral receptor for Hepatitis C-Virus. CD82 – 30 kDa tetraspanin protein that associates with CD4 or CD8 cells and delivers co-stimulatory signals for the TCR/CD3 pathway. MC4R – 37 kDa seven transmembrane G-protein coupled receptor, present on neurons in the hypothalamus region of the brain and predicted to have a role in the feast or fast signalling pathway. Adt2p – 34 kDa six transmembrane protein that catalyses the exchange of ADP and ATP across the yeast mitochondrial inner membrane.
We show that yeasts are flexible production organisms for a range of different membrane proteins. The yields are such that future structure-activity relationship studies can be initiated via reconstitution, crystallization for X-ray diffraction or NMR experiments.
This work is supported by the European Commission via contract LSHG-CT-2004-504601 (E-MeP) to RMB. We also acknowledge Advantage West Midlands for their support of our laboratory.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.