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Table 1 Effect of axenic (T and B) and co-culture (TB1 and TB2) of T. asperellum and B. amyloliquefaciens on the plant growth and biological control of F. graminearum under green-house conditions

From: Simultaneous and sequential based co-fermentations of Trichoderma asperellum GDFS1009 and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens 1841: a strategy to enhance the gene expression and metabolites to improve the bio-control and plant growth promoting activity

Treatments Shoot length (cm) Root length (cm) Wet weight (shoot) (g) Wet weight (root) (g) Dry weight (shoot) (g) Dry weight (root) (g) Disease reduction (%)
T1 93.43 ± 0.14f 52.1 ± 0.39c 59.77 ± 0.34d 22.272 ± 0.37cd 5.586 ± 0.24bcd 3.73 ± 0.36a NA
T2 92.22 ± 0.17 g 54.76 ± 0.44b 53.692 ± 0.34e 22.64 ± 0.26cd 5.28 ± 0.24cde 2.81 ± 0.18a NA
T3 110.68 ± 0.17c 57.88 ± 0.35a 66.894 ± 0.38c 26.334 ± 0.30a 5.768 ± 0.23bcd 2.886 ± 0.21a NA
T4 119.82 ± 0.38a 56.2 ± 0.32b 75.898 ± 0.44a 24.048 ± 0.38abc 6.956 ± 0.37a 2.74 ± 0.27a NA
T5 98.3 ± 0.23e 48.42 ± 0.32d 56.438 ± 0.47e 23.664 ± 0.40bcd 6.26 ± 0.14bcd 2.364 ± 0.14a 70b
T6 89.54 ± 0.24h 55.72 ± 0.52b 52.12 ± 0.39f 21.602 ± 0.22d 4.89 ± 0.15d 2.386 ± 0.22a 70b
T7 107.86 ± 0.3d 59.12 ± 0.48a 59.646 ± 0.27d 25.602 ± 0.48ab 6.334 ± 0.41abc 2.544 ± 0.30a 90a
T8 117.66 ± 0.27b 55.48 ± 0.32b 72.084 ± 0.33b 26.318 ± 0.54a 6F.026 ± 0.35ab 3.48 ± 0.24a 90a
T9 43.48 ± 0.17i 36.7 ± 0.34f 12.462 ± 0.30 h 4.724 ± 0.44f 1.354 ± 0.22f 0.898 ± 0.43c 40c
T10 76.22 ± 0.24j 41.18 ± 0.57e 47.348 ± 0.42g 13.268 ± 0.4e 3.8 ± 0.38e 1.692 ± 0.19b NA
  1. Results are means of 5 replicates for each treatment; the value is the standard error of the mean
  2. NA represents not applicable
  3. Different superscripts in the same column are significantly different (P < 0.05) based on the ANOVA. (T1)—T (Trichoderma asperellum GDFS1009); (T2)—B (Bacillus amyloliquefaciens 1841); (T3)—TB1 (co-inoculated T. asperellum GDFS1009 + B. amyloliquefaciens 1841); (T4)—TB2 (Sequential inoculated T. asperellum GDFS1009 + B. amyloliquefaciens 1841); (T5)—T + FG (Challenged with Fusarium graminearum); (T6)—B + FG; (T7)—TB1 + FG; (T8)—TB2 + FG; (T9)—FG; (T10)—Control