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Table 1 Summary for the practical yields of 3 and 5 from different species and sources

From: Recycling of Chinese herb residues by endophytic and probiotic fungus Aspergillus cristatus CB10002 for the production of medicinal valuable anthraquinones

Species Sources Yield of 3 Yield of 5 Refs.
Talaromyces stipitatus KUFA 0207 SSF of 15 kg rice 8.5 mg (0.6 mg/kg) 10.0 mg (0.7 mg/kg) [18]
Penicillium sp. SCSGAF 0023 12 L liquid fermentation 7.0 mg (0.6 mg/L) 5.0 mg (0.4 mg/L) [32]
Chaetomium sp. YMF 1.02105 SSF of 1 kg rice 5.0 mg (5.0 mg/kg) 8.0 mg (8.0 mg/kg) [33]
Microsphaeropsis sp. 8875 SSF of 12 L agar 7.0 mg (0.6 mg/L) 15.0 mg (1.3 mg/L) [34]
Penicillium oxalicum 2HL-M-6 75 L liquid fermentation 11.2 mg (0.1 mg/L) 14.7 mg (0.2 mg/L) [35]
Zopfiella longicaudata IFM4630 SSF of 20 kg rice 1.5 mg (0.1 mg/kg) NA [36]
Rumex aquaticus 0.55 kg dried roots 3.4 mg (6.2 mg/kg) 5.2 mg (9.5 mg/kg) [37]
Reynoutria japonica 10 kg dried roots 8.4 mg (0.8 mg/kg) 467.1 mg (46.7 mg/kg) [38]
Cassia nigricans 0.5 kg dried leaf 32.4 mg (64.8 mg/kg) 32.0 mg (64.0 mg/kg) [39]
Aspergillus cristatus CB10002 0.15 kg HOL residues 8.5 mg (56.7 mg/kg) 8.3 mg (55.3 mg/kg) This study
  1. SSF solid state fermentation, NA not available