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Figure 3 | Microbial Cell Factories

Figure 3

From: Production of L-carnitine by secondary metabolism of bacteria

Figure 3

Effect of different transport engineering strategies on L-carnitine production. Permeabilization of Proteus sp. (A) and E. coli O44K74 (B) cells using detergents and organics. L-carnitine production by E. coli O44K74 under salt stress conditions (C). Bar represents productivity and lines the yield. PEI stands for polyethylenimine. Adapted from [76,79].

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