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Table 1 Glutathione concentration in food grade LAB and some related Gram positive bacteria

From: Current status and emerging role of glutathione in food grade lactic acid bacteria

Organism Possible/ Proposed mode Glutathione concentration Medium Reference
S. thermophilus ATCC 19258 Synthesis 5.7 μmol/g dry weight Trypticase soy broth [28]
S. thermophilus S6 ND* 43.5 nmol/mg Elliker broth [18]
S. thermophilus ST2 ND* 39.2 nmol/mg Elliker broth
S. thermophilus MB410 ND* 10.3 nmol/mg M-17 broth [21]
S. thermophilus MB426 ND* 19.4 nmol/mg M-17 broth
S. agalactiae ATCC 12927 Synthesis 11 μmol/g dry weight Trypticase soy broth [28]
S. agalactiae 2603 V/R Synthesis 327 nmol/mg protein CDM*** [6]
E. faecalis ATCC 29212 Synthesis 1.8 μmol/g dry weight Todd Hewitt medium*** [28]
E. faecalis JH2-2 Synthesis 5.1 μmol/g dry weight Trypticase soy broth
E. faecium ATCC 6569 ND* 1.6 μmol/g dry weight Trypticase soy broth
E. faecalis Synthesis 78 nmol/mg protein CDM*** [32]
E. faecium Synthesis 189 nmol/mg protein CDM***
Lc. lactis subsp. cremoris ATCC 19257 ND* 26.3 nmol/mg M-17 broth [21]
Lc. lactis subsp. diacetylactis MB447 ND* 10.5 nmol/mg M-17 broth
Lc. lactis ND* 0.358 μg/mg protein Trypticase soy broth [22]
Lc. lactis ssp. cremoris Z8 Synthesis? 51.4 nm/mg Elliker broth [18]
Leu. mesenteroides ssp. cremoris CAFT9 ND* 12.6 nmol/mg APT
Leu. mesenteroides ssp. cremoris ATCC 19254 ND* 11.4 nmol/mg MRS
Lc. lactis ssp. cremoris Z8 Synthesis? 15 nmol/mg Milk
Lc. lactis Synthesis? 4.6 μmol/g Trypticase soy broth [4]
Lc. lactis (genetically engineered strain) Synthesis 358 nmol/mg CDM*** [23]
Lc. lactis subsp. cremoris SK 11 Import 10.56 nmol/mg protein M17 broth [20]
Lc. lactis subsp. lactis NIZO B89 Import 4.95 nmol/mg protein M17 broth
Lc. lactis subsp. lactis NIZO B93 Import 9.13 nmol/mg protein M17 broth
Lb. helveticus CNRZ 32 ND* 6.2 nm/mg APT broth [18]
Lb. casei Import 0.05 μmol/g Lactobacillus broth [4]
Lb. casei HY 2782 ND* 25.15 μmol/g MRS broth [34]
Lb. acidophilus DSMZ 23033 ND* 4.5 nmol/mg MRS broth [21]
Lb. acidophilus ND* 0.14 nmol/mg protein MRS broth [41]
Lb. salivarius ND* 0.11 nmol/mg protein MRS broth
Lb. casei W56 ND* 0.09 nmol/mg protein MRS broth
Lb. rhamnosus ND* ~ 14 μmol/g MRS broth [34]
Lb. plantarum ND* ~ 14 μmol/g MRS broth [34]
Lb. plantarum LP1 ND* 2.7 nmol/mg MRS broth [21]
Lb. salivarius Import/ synthesis? ~0.5 nmol/mg protein MRS broth** [40]
Lb. salivarius Import ~22 μmol/1012 cells BHI broth [111]
Lb. fermentum ME-3 Import/ synthesis? 20 nmol/mg protein Milk [36]
Lb. fermentum ME-3 Import/ synthesis? 9.95 μg/ml MRS broth [37]
Lb. fermentum 5716 ND* 1.4 mM/ ml media MRS broth [39]
Lb. reuteri ATCC 23272 Import ~20 mg/g dw MRS broth** [43]
Lb. reuteri ATCC 23272 Import ~15 mg/g dw MRS broth
B. adolescentis MB238 ND* 0.238 μg/mg MRS broth [22]
B. breve MB233 ND* 0.258 μg/mg MRS broth
B. longum MB243 ND* 0.333 μg/mg MRS broth
B. adolescentis B660 ND* 0.288 μg/mg MRS broth
B. bifidum W23 ND* 0.37 nm/ mg MRS broth [41]
B. animalis subsp. lactis DSMZ 23032 ND* 30.3 nmol/mg MRS broth [21]
  1. *not defined.
  2. ** GSH supplemented to medium.
  3. ***Medium devoid of glutathione (either by treating with γ-glutamyl transpeptidase or using chemically defined medium).
  4. ? Contradictory report with respect to present available information.