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Table 1 Examples of acid-fermented foods in Asia

From: Importance of lactic acid bacteria in Asian fermented foods

Product Country Major ingredients Microorganisms Appearance/ usage
Rice-wine/beer  
Takju Korea rice, wheat Lactic acid bacteria
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Turbid liquid
Tapuy Philippine rice, glutinous rice Sacchromyces,
Mucor, Rhizopus, Aspergilus
Leuconostoc
Lb. plantarum
Sour, sweet liquid, paste
Brem bali Indonesia glutinous rice Mucor indicus, Candida Dark brown liquid sour alcoholic
Acid-leavened bread/noodle  
Idli India
Sri Lanka
rice
black gum
L. mesenteroides
S. faecalis
steamed cake
Puto Philippines rice L. mesenteroides
Streptococcus faecalis
steamed cake
Kichuddok Korea rice yeast steamed cake
Mungbean China mungbean L. mesenteroides noodle
Starch Noodle Thailand, Korea, Japan   Lb. casei,
Lb. cellobiosus
Lb. fermenti
 
Khanomjeen Thailand rice Lactobacillus sp.
Streptococcus sp.
noodle
Fermented vegetable  
Kimchi Korea Korean cabbage, radish, various vegetables, salt L. mesenteroides
Lb. brevis,
Lb. plantarum
salad, side dish
Dhamuoi Vietnam cabbage, vegetable L. mesenteroides
Lb. plantarum
salad, side dish
Dakguadong Thailand mustard leaf Lb. plantarum salad, salt side dish
Burong mustala Philippines mustard Lb. brevis
Pediococcus cerevisiae
salad, side dish
Fermented fish and meat  
Sikhae Korea sea water fish
cooked millet, salt
L. mesenteroides
Lb. plantarum
side dish
Narezushi Japan sea water fish
cooked millet, salt
L. mesenteroides
Lb. plantarum
side dish
Burong-isda Philippines fresh water fish rice,
salt
Lb. brevis,
Streptococcus sp.
side dish
Pla-ra Thailand fresh water fish salt,
roasted rice
Pediococcus sp. side dish
Balao-balao Philippine shrimp, rice, salt L. mesenteroides
P. cerevisiae
condiment
Kungchao Thailand shrimp, salt
sweetened rice
P. cerevisiae side dish
Nham Thailand pork, galic, salt, rice P. cerevisiae,
Lb. plantarum
Lb. brevis
pork meat in banana leaves
Nem-chua Vietnam pork, salt, cooked rice Pediococcus sp.
Lactobacillus sp.
sausage