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Fig. 6 | Microbial Cell Factories

Fig. 6

From: Engineering Escherichia coli for the utilization of ethylene glycol

Fig. 6

The effect of microaerobic (oxygen-limiting) conditions on glycolate production, as predicted by modeling. a Flux balance analysis (FBA) was used to predict the glycolate yield (mol glycolate/mol EG), cell growth rate (gDW/gDW·h), respiratory quotient (RQ, mol CO2/mol O2) and the substrate specific productivity (SSP, g glycolate/g EG·h) over a range of oxygen uptake rates (OURs, mmol O2/gDW·h). These values were then normalized with respect to their highest values, and are presented here as: Glycolate Yield (red circle), Biomass (yellow diamond), RQ (green triangle) and SSP (blue square). The normalized RQ value corresponding to the selected RQ value of 0.4 is shown by the dotted black line. b FBA was also used to explore by-product fluxes (mmol/gDW·h) over the same range of oxygen uptake rates (OURs). The by-products shown are those most commonly produced under fermentative conditions: acetate (blue circle), ethanol (purple diamond) and formate (green triangle). The FBA simulations were performed using biomass as the objective and with the EG flux set to 5 mmol/gDW·h, as measured during the shake flask experiments. The simulations predict that glycolate production begins at the onset of oxygen limitation, at approximately 6.6 mmol/gDW·h of oxygen. At greater OUR values, FBA predicts that there is no glycolate accumulation or by-product production and that the RQ and cell growth plateau, since enough oxygen is available for complete respiration

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