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Table 3 Pathways expressed in non-native hosts for 1-butanol production

From: Genetic engineering of non-native hosts for 1-butanol production and its challenges: a review

Pathway Host Titer (g/L) References
CoA-dependent pathway C. tyrobutyricum 26.2 [45]
A. adeninivorans 20 [72]
E. coli 20 [43]
Synechocystis PCC 6803 4.8 [63]
C. cellulovorans 3.37 [50]
C. autoethanogenum 1.54 [54]
T. saccharolyticum 1.05 [58]
L. brevis 0.300 [29]
C. ljungahlii 0.15 [53]
P. putida 0.122 [30]
C. cellulolyticum 0.12 [52]
P. furiosus 0.070 [59]
B. subtilis 0.024 [30]
Ethylmalonyl-CoA pathway M. extorquens 0.015 [55]
Ehrlich pathway S. cerevisiae 0.835 [70]
E. coli 0.80 [95]
K. pneumonia 0.1 [57]
2-oxoglutarate pathway E. coli 0.085 [103]