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Table 2 Re-isolation of Trichoderma, Bacillus and Fusarium from the soils treated with the axenic (T and B) and co-culture (TB1 and TB2) of T. asperellum and B. amyloliquefaciens under normal and biotic stress conditions

From: Simultaneous and sequential based co-fermentations of Trichoderma asperellum GDFS1009 and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens 1841: a strategy to enhance the gene expression and metabolites to improve the bio-control and plant growth promoting activity

  T (CFU) B (CFU) TB1 (CFU) TB2 (CFU) T + FG (CFU) B + FG (CFU) TB1 + FG (CFU) TB2 + FG (CFU) FG (CFU) Control (CFU)
Bacillus count ND 13 × 108 ± 0.31a 11 × 107 ± 0.31b 6.6 × 106 ± 0.48c ND 2 × 1080.31d 8 × 106 ± 0.31c 3.3 × 106 ± 0.31d ND ND
Other bacterial count 4.5 × 107 ± 0.15 cd ND ND 24.3 × 106 ± 0.48a 13 × 106 ± 0.31b ND ND 5.4 × 106 ± 0.49c 8 × 108 ± 0.31d 3 × 108 ± 0.31d
Trichoderma count 4.1 × 105 ± 0.3b ND 1.63 × 103 ± 0.09c 3 × 105 ± 0.31b 6 × 106 ± 0.31a ND 3.4 × 104 ± 0.23b 3.2 × 105 ± 0.22b ND ND
Other fungal count 1.3 × 102 ± 0.18e 3.1 × 102 ± 0.23d 8.6 × 103 ± 0.23a 8.6 × 102 ± 0.18a 5.9 × 102 ± 0.11b 3.2 × 102 ± 0.14d 5.0 × 102 ± 0.09c 6.2 × 102 ± 0.04b 8.2 × 105 ± 0.1c 4.2 × 104 ± 0.09c
Fusarium count ND ND ND ND 4 × 102 ± 0.31a 2.9 × 102 ± 0.22b 0.3 × 101 ± 0.031c 0.15 × 101 ± 0.02bc 8.6 × 106 ± 0.48d ND
BC: P proportion NA NA NA NA 15,000 ± 0.45d 689,655.1724 ± 0.37b 267,800 ± 0.24c 2,413,333.333 ± 0.11a NA NA
  1. Results are means of 3 replicates for each treatment; the value is the standard error of the mean. Values below the detectable levels are indicated in the graphs as ND (not detected); NA (not applicable)
  2. ND not detectable, NA not applicable
  3. Different superscripts in the same column are significantly different (P < 0.05) based on the ANOVA