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Table 3 Toxic effect of different NPs in several species of microalgae

From: Biomass and lipid induction strategies in microalgae for biofuel production and other applications

Microalgae strain Type of NPs Size of NPs Used concentration Refs.
Platymonas subcordiforus
Chaetoceros curvisetus
Skeletonema costatum
Co NPs 30 nm 67.2 mg/L
38.6 mg/L
21.5 mg/L
[154]
Soil alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii Ag NPs < 100 nm 0–50 mg Ag NPs/kg dry weight soil [155]
Chlorococcum sp.
Scenedesmus rubescens
Dunaliella tertiolecta
Tetraselmis suesica
ZnO NPs < 100 nm 0.081–810 mg/L [156]
Navicula sp.
Chetoceros sp.
CoO NPs < 50 nm 2 mg/ml [1]
Dunaliella salina SiO2 NPs 11–14 0.1, 0.3, 0.85, 2.4, 7, 20 and 50 mg/L [157]
Chlorella vulgaris (KCTCAG10002) ZnO NPs
CuO NPs
NiO NPs
TiO2 NPs
Fe2O3 NPs
40–100 nm
30–50 nm
30 nm
< 25 nm
20–40 nm
8, 16, 33 mg/L
0.5, 1, 2 mg/L
4, 9, 18 mg/L
20, 40, 80 mg/L
22, 45, 90 mg/L
[158]
Dunaliella salina Al2O3 NPs 20 nm 0.005, 0.026, 0.14, 0.7, and 3.8 mg/L [159]