Analyses of microvinifications. Microvinifications were carried out with YR377 (T73Ges) and the YR70 control strain transformed with the empty vector. a Schematic representation of the engineered mevalonate pathway in the T73Ges strains. IPP, isopentenyl pyrophosphate; GPP, geranyl pyrophosphate; FPP, farnesyl pyrophosphate; FPPS, FPP synthase. b Growth curves and kinetics of sugar consumption by YR377 and YR70 during the course of fermentations. Results are presented as the mean and standard deviation.