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Table 2 Performance of the six microorganisms on three carbon sources in controlled fermentations.

From: Microbial production host selection for converting second-generation feedstocks into bioproducts

  Carbon source Growth rate (1/h) Carbon source uptake rate1
(g/g/h)
Biomass yield2(g/g)
E. coli Glucose 0.49 1.56 0.28
  Xylose 0.50 1.71 0.20
  Glycerol 0.40 0.88 0.36
C. glutamicum Glucose 0.33 0.79 0.31
  Xylose - - -
  Glycerol 0.18 1.09 0.12
S. cerevisiae Glucose 0.20 2.52 0.09
  Xylose - - -
  Glycerol 0.01 0.01 0.6
P. stipitis Glucose 0.10 0.34 0.14
  Xylose 0.40 2.16 0.10
  Glycerol 0.11 0.46 0.14
T. reesei Glucose 0.02 0.08 0.22
  Xylose 0.01 0.04 0.18
  Glycerol - - -
A. niger Glucose 0.03 0.20 0.34
  Xylose 0.07 0.13 0.41
  Glycerol 0.03 0.11 0.24
  1. 1 The rate was determined for the biomass dry weight at mid-log phase.
  2. 2 Biomass dry-weight value was used at the time point when the carbon source was depleted.