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Table 8 Length of operation of various biofilm reactors used for the production of different chemicals

From: Biofilm reactors for industrial bioconversion processes: employing potential of enhanced reaction rates

Chemical Produced Reactor Type Length of operation [Days] Dilution rate [h-1] (Productivity [gL-1h-1) Reference
Butanol Packed bed 61 days 0.30–1.00 (0.98–4.10) [6]
  Fluidized bed >4 months 0.33–1.37 (1.65–5.10) Unpublished data1
Lactic acid Various reactors Reviewed in ref 79 (Table 1) - - [37]
Ethanol Packed bed 35 days 0.12–0.48 (7.80–28.60) [4]
  Packed bed 103 days 0.04–0.12 (1.10–2.58) [87]
  Packed bed 60 days 0.50–5.76 (5.00–74.88) [86]
  1. 1 Qureshi & Maddox
  2. - Not reported