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Table 1 Genomic features of a selected number of lactic acid bacteria related to human lifestyle and health.

From: Functional genomics of lactic acid bacteria: from food to health

Bacterial species Example of
Sequenced Strain
Isolation Source Genome Size (Mbp) Number of
Plasmids
%GC Number of Proteins References
Lactobacilli        
Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM GI tract (Feces) 1.99 0 34.7 1,832 [112]
Lactobacillus amylovorus GRL1112 Pig GI Tract (Feces)* 2.13 2 38.1 2,121 [195]
Lactobacillus brevis ATCC 367 Unknown 2.34 2 46.0 2,218 [19]
Lactobacillus buchneri ATCC 11577 Oral Cavity 2.86 n.d. 39,5 3,002 DS
Lactobacillus casei BL23 Food (Cheese) 3.08 0 46.3 2,997 [196]
Lactobacillus crispatus EM-LC1 GI Tract (Feces) 1.83 n.d. 37.0 1,751 DS
Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus ATCC 11842 Food (Dairy product) 1.87 0 49.7 1,529 [19]
Lactobacillus fermentum IFO 3956 Food (Plant) 2.1 0 51.5 1,843 [197]
Lactobacillus gasseri ATCC 33323 Human origin 1.89 0 35.3 1,755 [19]
Lactobacillus helveticus DPC 4571 Food (Cheese) 2.08 0 37.1 1,610 [113]
Lactobacillus iners AB-1 Vaginal Cavity 1.29 0 32.7 1,209 [154]
Lactobacillus jensenii 269-3 Vaginal Cavity 1.69 n.d. 34.4 1,575 DS
Lactobacillus johnsonii NCC 533 GI Tract (Intestine) 1.99 0 34.6 1,821 [198]
Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens subsp. kefiranofaciens ZW3 Food (Kefir) 2.35 2 37.4 2,162 [199]
Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. casei N1115 Food (Dairy products) 3.06 4 46.5 2,985 [200]
Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1 Oral Cavity (Saliva) 3.35 3 44.4 3,063 [201]
Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 20016 GI Tract (Intestine) 2.0 0 38.9 1,900 DS
Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG GI Tract (Intestine) 3.01 0 46.7 2,913 [69]
Lactobacillus ruminis ATCC 25644 GI Tract (Intestine) 2.07 0 43.7 2,153 [111]
Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salivarius UCC118 GI Tract (Intestine) 2.13 3 33.0 2,013 [106]
Lactobacillus sakei subsp. sakei 23K Food (Meat) 1.88 0 41.3 1,871 [202]
Lactococci        
Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis IL1403 Food (Cheese) 2.37 0 35.3 2,277 [13]
Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris MG1363 Food (Dairy Products) 2.53 0 35.7 2.434 [203]
Streptococci        
Streptococcus salivarius CCHSS3 Oral Cavity 2.22 0 39.9 2,027 DS
Streptococcus thermophilus CNRZ1066 Food (Yoghurt) 1.8 0 39.1 1,914 [181]
Enterococci        
Enterococcus faecalis V583 Clinical Sample (Blood) 3.36 3 37.4 3,264 [204]
Enterococcus faecium DO Clinical Sample 3.05 3 37.9 3,114 [205]
Oenococci        
Oenococcus oeni PSU-1 Food (Plant) 1.78 0 37.9 1,691 [19]
Pediococcus        
Pediococcus pentosaceus ATCC 25745 Food (Plant) 1.83 0 37.4 1,752 [19]
Pediococcus claussenii ATCC BAA-344 Food (Beer) 1.98 8 37.0 1,881 [182]
Leuconostoc        
Leuconostoc mesenteroides ATCC 8293 Food (Olives) 2.08 1 37.7 2,003 [19]
Leuconostoc citreum KM20 Food (Kimchi) 1.9 4 38.9 1,820 [136]
Leuconostoc gelidum JB7 Food (Kimchi) 1.89 0 36.7 1,796 [206]
Leuconostoc carnosum JB16 Food (Kimchi) 1.77 4 37.1 1,691 [207]
Leuconostoc kimchi IMSNU 11154 Food (Kimchi) 2.1 5 37.9 2,129 [208]
Leuconostoc gasicomitatum LMG 18811T Food (Spoilage) 1.95 0 36.7 1,912 [209]
  1. Legend: DS, Direct Submission to sequence databases; n.d, not defined; *, No human isolates have been sequenced yet. Due to some discrepancies between the original references and the sequence databases, the data shown in the table were exclusively retrieved from NCBI databases as on 4th of April 2014.