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Table 1 List of currently recognized bifidobacterial species with their isolation sources.

From: Diversity, ecology and intestinal function of bifidobacteria

Species Type strain Origin Sequencing status
Bifidobacterium actinocoloniiforme DSM 22766 Bumblebee digestive tract -
Bifidobacterium adolescentis ATCC 15705 Adult faeces COMPLETE
Bifidobacterium angulatum ATCC 27535 Adult faeces DRAFT
Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. animalis ATCC 25527 Sewage COMPLETE
Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis DSM 10140 Fermented milk COMPLETE
Bifidobacterium asteroides ATCC 25910 Bee intestine COMPLETE
Bifidobacterium biavatii DSM 23969 Tamarind faeces -
Bifidobacterium bifidum ATCC 29521 Infant faeces COMPLETE
Bifidobacterium bohemicum DSM 22767 Bumblebee digestive tract -
Bifidobacterium bombi DSM 19703 Bumblebee digestive tract -
Bifidobacterium boum ATCC 27917 Bovine rumen -
Bifidobacterium breve ATCC 15700 Infant faeces COMPLETE
Bifidobacterium callitrichos DSM 23973 Marmoset faeces -
Bifidobacterium catenulatum ATCC 27539 Adult faeces DRAFT
Bifidobacterium choerinum ATCC 27686 Piglet faeces -
Bifidobacterium coryneforme ATCC 25911 Bee intestine -
Bifidobacterium crudilactis LMG 23609 Raw milk cheese -
Bifidobacterium cuniculi ATCC 27916 Rabbit faeces -
Bifidobacterium dentium ATCC 27534 Oral cavity COMPLETE
Bifidobacterium gallicum ATCC 49850 Human faeces DRAFT
Bifidobacterium gallinarum ATCC 33777 Chicken caecum -
Bifidobacterium indicum ATCC 25912 Bee intestine -
Bifidobacterium kashiwanohense DSM 21854 Infant faeces -
Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis ATCC 15697 Infant faeces COMPLETE
Bifidobacterium longum subsp. longum ATCC 15707 Adult faeces COMPLETE
Bifidobacterium longum subsp. suis ATCC 27533 Piglet faeces -
Bifidobacterium magnum ATCC 27540 Rabbit faeces -
Bifidobacterium merycicum ATCC 49391 Bovine rumen -
Bifidobacterium minimum ATCC 27538 Sewage -
Bifidobacterium mongoliense DSM 21395 Fermented milk -
Bifidobacterium moukalabense JCM 18751 Gorilla faeces -
Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum ATCC 27919 Infant faeces DRAFT
Bifidobacterium pseudolongum subsp. globosum ATCC 25865 Bovine rumen -
Bifidobacterium pseudolongum subsp. pseudolongum ATCC 25526 Pig faeces -
Bifidobacterium psychraerophilum LMG 21775 Porcine caecum -
Bifidobacterium pullorum ATCC 27685 Chicken faeces -
Bifidobacterium reuteri DSM 23975 Marmoset faeces -
Bifidobacterium ruminantium ATCC 49390 Bovine rumen -
Bifidobacterium saeculare ATCC 49392 Rabbit faeces -
Bifidobacterium sanguini DSM 23967 Tamarind faeces -
Bifidobacterium scardovii DSM 13734 Human sources -
Bifidobacterium stellenboschense DSM 23968 Tamarind faeces -
Bifidobacterium stercoris JCM 15918 Adult faeces -
Bifidobacterium subtile ATCC 27537 Sewage -
Bifidobacterium thermacidophilum subsp. porcinum DSM 17755 Piglet faeces -
Bifidobacterium thermacidophilum subsp. thermoacidophilum DSM 15837 Anaerobic digester -
Bifidobacterium thermophilum ATCC 25525 Piglet faeces COMPLETE
Bifidobacterium tsurumiense JCM 13495 Hamster dental plaque -