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Table 1 Comparison of EPA and DHA fatty acid contents as percentage from total lipids in examples of bacteria, fungi, fish, transgenic plants and microalgae

From: Microalgal biofactories: a promising approach towards sustainable omega-3 fatty acid production

Organism % EPA and/or DHA production Reference
Bacteria
Shewanella putrefaciens 40.0 EPA [21]
Alteromonas putrefaciens 24.0 EPA [22]
Pneumatophorus japonicus 36.3 EPA [23]
Photobacterium 4.6 EPA [24]
Fungi
Thraustochytrium aureum 62.9 EPA + DHA [1]
Mortierella 20.0 EPA [25]
Mortierella 13.0 EPA [26]
Pythium 12.0 EPA [27]
Pythium irregulare 8.2 EPA [28]
Fish
Merluccius productus 34.99 EPA + DHA [29]
Theragra chalcogramma 41.35 EPA + DHA [29]
Hypomesus pretiosus 33.61 EPA + DHA [29]
Sebastes pinniger 29.8 EPA + DHA [29]
Oncorhynchus gorbusha 27.5 EPA + DHA [29]
Mallotus villosus 17.8 EPA + DHA [29]
Sardinops sagax 44.08 EPA + DHA [29]
Clupea harengus pallasi 17.32 EPA + DHA [29]
Plant (transgenic)
Soybean 20.0 EPA [30]
Brassica carinata 25.0 EPA [31]
Nicotiana benthamiana 26.0 EPA [32]
Microalgae
Nannochloropsis sp. 26.7 EPA + DHA [33]
Nannochloropsis oceanica 23.4 EPA [34]
Nannochloropsis salina ~28 EPA [35]
Pinguiococcus pyrenoidosus 22.03 EPA + DHA [36]
Thraustochytrium sp. 45.1 EPA + DHA [37]
Chlorella minutissima 39.9 EPA [38]
Dunaliella salina 21.4 EPA [39]
Pavlova viridis 36.0 EPA + DHA [40]
Pavlova lutheri 27.7 EPA + DHA [41]
Pavlova lutheri 41.5 EPA + DHA [42]
Isocrysis galbana ~28.0 EPA + DHA [43]