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Figure 1 | Microbial Cell Factories

Figure 1

From: Multi-omics approach to study the growth efficiency and amino acid metabolism in Lactococcus lactis at various specific growth rates

Figure 1

Typical A-stat cultivation, where dilution rate dependent metabolism of L. lactis is illustrated. D - dilution rate (h-1); X - biomass concentration (g (dry cellular weight) L-1); μ - specific growth rate (h-1); lact, form, glc, eth, ace - lactate, formate, glucose, ethanol, acetate concentration in bioreactor, respectively (mM). D, μ and X are monitored constantly; metabolite concentrations are measured with a frequency of approximately 0.01 h-1.

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